A penalty unit is the basis for determining the penalty value associated with offences under most state laws, local governments’ local laws and Penalty Infringement Notices (PINs) issued under these laws.

The Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 (the Act), administered by the Department of Justice and Attorney-General, provides a legislative mechanism for annual indexation increases to the value of a penalty unit.

After the percentage indexation is applied, the penalty unit amount must be rounded down to the nearest coinable amount (i.e. five cents) and prescribed in the Penalties and Sentences Regulation 2015 (the Regulation).

Current value of the penalty unit

Pursuant to section 5A of the Act, the prescribed value of a penalty unit will increase by 0% commencing on 1 July 2020.

Accordingly, from 1 July 2020:

This amount is applicable to:

Under the Act, when the penalty unit value is applied to offences enforced through the issuing of a PIN, the amount of the PIN is to be rounded down to the nearest whole dollar. For example:

The amount of $133.45 applies to most local governments, excluding those which have previously chosen to 'opt-out' of increases.  Those local governments, as listed in Schedule 2 of the Regulation, are as follows:

The value of a local law penalty unit for the local governments listed in Schedule 2 of the Regulation will remain at $75 and is not subject to annual indexation.

If any of these local governments wish to opt-in to future increases and align with the standard (indexed) penalty unit value, please contact the Department of Local Government, Racing and Multicultural Affairs.

Historic value of the penalty unit